The Impact of Classroom Environment and Parental Socio-Economic Status on the Students’ Academic Achievement at Secondary School Level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Ms. Taj Meena
Dr. Muhammad Asif Khan
Dr. Farah Khan


The main objective behind this research study was the investigation about the classroom prevailing environment and the kind of socio-economic prestige and status of their parents on the student’s achievement at the academic level (SAA) by taken into consideration the students’ level (SSL) in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Most of the studies previously conducted in this area were either related to environment of learning, related to classroom or school premises. The uniqueness of this study was shed light on the overall impact and considered the classroom premises, school environment and the socio-economic status of their parents on the academic performance of the students. The data used here was mainly primary data which was collected from different schools of the KP. The tools used for data collection was the questionnaire and was based on a five points of Likert scale. The data was collected from the total of 377 students of grad 9th and 10th. The districts selected for this research activity for collection of data were Peshawar, Mardan, Kohat, Swat, Charsadda and Malakand. To investigate the collected data the method of least square, correlation method, ANOVA and descriptive statistics were used. The finding from the study indicated that psychological and physical environment of the classroom has positive and encouraging influence on the academic performance and achievements of the students, while no impact has been sought out regarding the socio-economic position of their parents, except the education of their father which showed an encouraging and enhancing consequence on students’ performance at the academic level. The study recommends the fruitful efforts by the policy makers, government and the school administrative body provision for a healthier infrastructure and other facilities in connection with improving the prevailing learning environment to develop and enrich the performance of the students at the academic level.

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