A Study of Quality Indicators at Intermediate Level Institutions in Southern Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

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Muhammad Imran Aziz
Prof. Dr. Umar Ali Khan
Dr. Allah Noor Khan


The study aims to see the quality indicators at Govt. Colleges and Government Higher secondary schools and to investigate its effect on students’ academic achievements at an intermediate level. All teachers at Govt. Colleges, as well as Higher Secondary Schools, constitute a total of 2639 teachers population (lecturers 372 and 2267 subject specialists)  of the study and 16 teachers were taken as a sample of the study from the entire population in four Southern districts (D.I.Khan, Tank, Lakki, and Bannu) of KP by applying multi-stage sampling techniques. Data were collected through a valid open-ended questionnaire from the respondents. The instrument covers variables including physical facilities, teaching and learning environment, teaching and learning materials, the attitude of institutional heads, parental guidance, and parent-teacher coordination, number of classrooms, library, laboratories, equipment, and security setup. The annual intermediate results of sessions 2018 and 2019 were focused to see the academic achievements of intermediate level results. The collected data were presented in a narrative summary form. The results of the study reveal that Govt. Colleges performed better than Govt. Higher Secondary Schools. The urban setup of these both institutions was comparatively better than that of the rural setup. The study recommends KP Govt. may provide proper physical facilities, a congenial environment, parent-teacher interaction, and other quality indicators to higher secondary schools and colleges of rural setup.

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