Perception of National Identity: An Interview Study of Teachers in Gilgit Baltistan

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Narjis Khatoon Diana
Dr. Yaar Muhammad
Arjumand Raauf


This research aimed to explore the perception of teachers in Gilgit-Baltistan regarding national identity. A qualitative research approach was adopted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with purposive sampling using a hermeneutic phenomenology research design to obtain the required data from ten Pakistan Studies teachers. The result of the study indicated that most of the teachers believed that Pakistan was born out of Islamic Ideology; hence Islamist approach to national identity remained dominant since independence. However, as Islam was managed as a political sensation by governing authorities, true Islamic ideals were not realized. Consequently, religious intolerance, sectarian violence, social injustice, and economic inequality remained a prominent feature in Gilgit Baltistan. The findings of the study reflect that to accommodate ethnic and religious diversity as a national asset pluralistic approach to national identity should be adopted.

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