Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr <p>Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) published by Sir Syed College of Education Katlang Mardan, Pakistan</p> en-US editor@jerssr.org.pk (Dr. Muhammad Idris) editor@jerssr.org.pk (Hazrat Bilal) Mon, 06 Feb 2023 08:19:04 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Tracing Reading Fallacies in Pakistani English Language Teaching Classroom at Undergraduate Level in universities of south Punjab, Pakistan https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/137 <p><em>The present study explores practical reading practices in classrooms focusing on how it is done and what are the output results with special attention to the fallacies emerging from these practices. Reading is an ever-present activity in every undergraduate classroom in Pakistani academic setting. It was observed and analyzed that reading skill is not given due importance in teaching learning process. In most Pakistani undergraduate classroom the reading activities are not done with taking care of the concept of reading skills and related sub-skills such as reading process, types and purposes. The routine strategy is devoid of application of reading skills. The present paper investigates analysis of reading fallacies present in Pakistani undergraduate classrooms. The most common fallacies dealt with in this article are: (i) text reading in class is just going through the texts (ii) text reading is just knowing the written words (iii) reading in class is looking at the words. The date was collected from 200 students of different study groups such as sciences, IT, arts and commerce. The data was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The results reached were verified by analysing each item separately as well as holistically. The suggestions and recommendations were also inferred from the obtained results. The purpose of the study was to highlight the most common fallacies and provide possible applicable solutions for minimizing and to a great extent eradicating these fallacies as they harm the teaching learning process and prove an obstacle in the achievement of SLO’s. It is aimed and hoped that this study will open new avenues of research in analyses of other language skills in the classrooms.</em></p> Amir Hafeez Malik, Abdul Rashid, Awais Shafiq Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/137 Sun, 05 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Critical Thinking as a Twenty First Century Skill https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/138 <p><em>This research is aimed at focusing the importance of critical thinking as a twenty first century skill. This work also targeted at providing Quranic and Western concept of critical thinking skill i.e. one of the most important skills of twenty first century. Quranic means the concept given in Quran and Western concept means the concept and ideas given by Western writers, scholars and researchers about critical thinking skill. It serves as a pioneer work on critical thinking as a twenty first century skill in perspective of Quranic and West. Critical thinking skill possesses immense significance as a twenty first skill for human beings. It throws light on the views of Western writers and researchers and Quran on critical thinking. It deals with the capability to think rationally and its importance is enhanced as the paramount ability which substantiates that this skill to be mastered by new generation. At one end this work is conceptions of West about critical thinking and at the second end it draws attention to verses of Quran which focus on concept of critical thinking and its importance. Critical thinking is higher order thinking. Critical Thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking. Various approaches of critical thinking have been presented by researchers. The Holy Quran persuades and supports us to employ our capability to examine, assess, and evaluate. The holy Quran encourages human beings to think critically.</em></p> Dr. Hukamdad, Prof. Dr. Rafaqat Ali Akbar Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/138 Sun, 05 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Lexical Analysis of Pakistani and Indian Budget Speeches https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/151 <p><em>Present research involves Pakistani and Indian budget speeches for corpus driven analysis to examine the lexical choices. It is a mix method research involving both the qualitative as well as quantitative paradigms of research. The budget speeches from 2009 to 2013 have been selected to compile the corpus. Pakistani budget speeches have 4607 types and 30098 tokens in corpus, whereas the types of Indian budget speeches are 5569 and its token are 46147. For tagging the corpora CLAWS Tagger C7 Tagset has been used and to study the concordance lines Antconc 3.2.1 has been involved; its major role is to extract the parts of speech and measure the frequencies of chosen words. Lexical fields have been classified through key wordlist and frequency. Position of lexical fields has been determined through concordance plot with the help of software the major objective of the research is to investigate the lexical features of PBS and IBS. For this purpose, similar and different lexical categories of Pakistan and Indian budget speeches of nouns and verbs have been formed to finalize the results. The study concludes that budget discourse has its own specified language which is designed according to the set phenomenon of government(s) to achieve indicated goals.</em></p> Sidra Ahmad, Iqra Iqbal, Shahzadi Sumra Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/151 Sun, 05 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Tracing Pakistani Woman’s Political Voice in Kamila Shamsie’s Broken Verses https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/152 <p><em>This paper attempts to explore Kamila Shamsie’s Broken Verses, probing women’s empowerment and resistance against the socio-political oppressions during the three crucial decades of 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s in Pakistan. Contending that Pakistan’s progressive intelligentia during the aforementioned decades reacted against the repressive forces backed by establishment, the paper examines how Broken Verses highlights women’s voices, rewriting the role of traditional Pakistani woman and further broadening the latter’s significant part in the country’s politics. The paper explores how Shamsie’s women lead the progressive march, confronting the retrogressive forces working under Pakistan’s civil and military regimes and thereby, epitomizing the revolutionary role of modern Pakistani women breaking with all precedents of perseverance and valor in the country’s history of resistance.</em> <em>The study examines that Pakistani women withstand against state’s oppressions and suppressions of women’s voices throughout the novel projecting them as proponent of democracy. </em></p> Dr. Azim Ullah, Shaukat Khan Hayat Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/152 Sun, 05 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Language of Culinary Discourse and Cultural Preservation: A case study of first- and second-generation Punjabi Speakers https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/155 <p><em>Food is an important aspect of any culture and so is language. The study hypothesizes that the language in which the culinary discourse takes place plays a role in preserving that language’s (culinary) culture. In order to test this hypothesis, dinner-time conversations of six families have been recorded: three Punjabi-speaking families and three Urdu-Punjabi families (in which the second generation speaks Urdu). Moreover, three Punjabi speakers and three Urdu-Punjabi speakers are interviewed. The data thus collected are analyzed using van Dijk’s (1993) framework of critical discourse analysis, which is presented as a conceptual triangle that connects society, discourse, and social cognition. The findings of the study reveal that the Urdu-speaking second generation of Punjabi speakers demonstrates either an unfamiliarity or a dislike for traditional Punjabi food. They are also found unaware of most of the culinary vocabulary, show a greater inclination towards fast food, and, therefore, exhibit a noticeable change in the culinary culture with the change in their language.</em></p> Dr. Aneela Gill, Muhammad Riaz , Amara Batool Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/155 Sun, 05 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 An Investigation of Physics Laboratory and its Effects on Students Learning at Secondary Level in Mardan https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/156 <p><em>The quantitative study aimed to investigate Physics Laboratory and its effects on students learning at Secondary Level in Mardan. The objectives of the study were, to investigate the physical resources in physics laboratory at secondary level in Mardan; and to inquire the effects of physical resources on students learning at secondary level in Mardan. This study was delimited to male public sector secondary schools in district Mardan. All the (23059) secondary school students in district Mardan were the population for this study (EMIS, 2019). A sample of (400) Secondary School Students of class 9th and 10th were selected randomly in this research work. A closed ended Questioner was used as a research instrument in this study with the options of ‘Yes’, ‘No’, and ‘Undecided” collected and data were analysed by using simple percentages. Graphs and data were interpreted. Major findings of the study showed that physical resources help Students in their learning activities</em>. <em>Majority of students responded that physics laboratory having fully equipped with physical recourses. </em><em>It was concluded that Physics laboratory is fully equipped&amp; facilitated. It was recommended that laboratories should be upgraded &amp; teachers should be properly trained.</em></p> Mr. Waqas Ahmad, Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Irshadullah, Dr. Maksal Minaz Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/156 Mon, 06 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 An Analytical Study of Perceived Pedagogical Competencies of Prospective Teachers in the light of National Professional Standards for Teachers https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/159 <p><em>Every year, a substantial number of prospective teachers are trained in Pakistan. As they immediately begin teaching in schools, prospective teachers spend a lot of time learning about and comprehending the teaching context, and this is when pedagogical competences begin to take shape. The recent focus of the research was on perceived pedagogical competencies of prospective teachers in the public sector universities of Punjab Province. The proposed study was aimed to assess the perceived level of pedagogical competencies of prospective teachers in the light of National Professional Standards for teachers. The study was descriptive in nature and survey method was used to collect data. A self-reported scale derived from three pedagogical competencies of NPSTs (Subject matter knowledge, Instructional planning and strategies and Assessment). The study was delimited to these three standards only due to time restraints. All prospective teachers at Punjab's public sector universities made up the study's population. To gather data, a simple random sampling technique was used. Thirty six male and seventy two female prospective teachers constituted the sample of the study. Descriptive statistics were applied to analyze the data. It is concluded that male and female prospective teachers perceived high level of Instructional Planning &amp; Strategies competencies. Likewise it was concluded that prospective teachers have lower scores in Assessment competencies as compared to subject matter &amp; knowledge competencies.</em></p> Sehrish Mushtaq, Dr. Shazia Zamir Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/159 Mon, 06 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A study to Investigate the Determinants Related to Creative Attitude and its Relationship toward Social Intelligences among University Students https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/163 <p><em>Creativity creates a new and valuable thinking style that makes inventive perception as well practical experiences. The main objectives of the study were to investigate the determinants related to creative attitude among university students and also check the relationship between creative attitudes toward social intelligences among university Students. The researcher was used quantitative approach. The population of the study was selected from the three different universities that are existed in Faisalabad. Sample is the representative subset of the population. Being a social scientist, we study sample rather than population because of limited resources and generalized the findings on the whole population. Four hundred (400) students were considered for this research by using convenient sampling technique. The researcher was used two (2) different scales to obtain the responses of the students. First, the creativity styles questionnaire by </em><em>(Kemmler &amp; Holman, 1997)</em><em> that consisted on creativity capacity, environmental control, use of senses and superstation. The second scale toward social intelligence by </em><em>(Silvera et al., 2001)</em><em> that consisted on communal facts base process, social skills and social awareness. Determinants of creative attitude determines different sub factors that are very responsible for creative attitude e.g. creativity capacity elaborated self-perception support the creative attitude however the environmental control/behavioral self-regulation, superstition and use of the senses directly enhance the creative attitude among the student and they think different from other and doing well as like others. The relationship between creativity and social intelligence indicated that environmental control was directly associated with social information processing however the sub factor of creativity use of the senses nonstop able correlated with social information and social awareness. Additionally the other factors e.g. correlated in moderated level base.</em></p> Fahad Maqbool, Dr. Nighat Tabassum, Muhammad Imran Shahid Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/163 Thu, 09 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Undergraduate Students Community Service Participation for Promoting Civic Engagement in Universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/164 <p><em>Sustainable development is an underlying goal of Higher Education, which is largely achieved by universities through community service and research projects. Participation of students in community development projects aims to develop their civic engagement and prepares them as future leaders in their fields. This descriptive research was therefore conducted as a baseline study to examine the nature of community service conducted by university students and their civic engagement. A questionnaire was administered on 984 purposively sampled undergraduate students from six public sector universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, who had engaged in community work. In order to draw relevant findings, frequency, percentage, and quantitative descriptive analyses were conducted to figure out the nature of community service participation of students, and the goals of civic engagement that they achieved. On the basis of the findings, HEIs are recommended to educate students about service learning, and formally train their students for undertaking community projects, with practical suggestions for promoting civic engagement through community service for a sustainable future.</em></p> Saadia Panni, Dr. Khushbakht Hina, Habiba Junaid Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/164 Thu, 09 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on the Performance of Elite Rowing Athletes https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/165 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The rowing being the fitness sports mainly depends upon the endurance component of fitness as valued by the trainers and coaches. But examination of latest training methods to attain optimal performance from elite rowing athletes compelled the trainers to develop combination of cross-fitness and high intensity training versions to achieve competitive performances. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong><em> To evaluate the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on the performance of male (2Kms) elite rowing athletes. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methodology:</em></strong><em> This quasi-experimental study was conducted with non-probability convenience sampling over a period of 8 weeks. Total n=20 national and international rowing male athletes, aged from 17-32 years, participated during camping for the preparation of national rowing championship at Pakistan Sports Board, Jinnah Complex Islamabad, Pakistan. The athletes with any disease, or trauma and coaches were excluded. The athletes underwent 8 Wks (HIIT) fitness training to improve their overall performance in a controlled training environment. The results of the study were analyzed in frequencies, percentages. One sample t-Test was also incorporated to compare / compute the per-post intervention of 8 weeks.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> Study revealed significant difference in the scores of the beep (VO2Max) tests. The per-post experiment performance of VO2Max showed, (Mean ± SD), 48.61 ± 4.69 and 52.89 ± 4.85 (mL/Kg/min) respectively, whereas the actual performance of 2km rowing (Mean ± SD) were found 6.84 ± 0.346 and 6.40 ± 0.242 (Mins) respectively. The association between fitness capacity and actual event performance were also analysed. The null hypothesis was rejected and association of high intensity training showed two tailed significant difference &lt; 0.001by analysing through One Sample Test.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>The eight weeks, high intensity interval training (HIIT) showed substantial improvement in overall fitness and performances of (2KMs) elite rowing athletes.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Recommendations:</em></strong><em> The advance coaches and trainers of today’s professional rowing athletes must incorporate this important training technique of (HIIT) during periodization, to improve the standards and overall performances.</em></p> Muhammad Rushd-ud -din Butt, Muhammad Ghazi-ud-din Butt, Ghulam Shabbir Anjum Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/165 Thu, 09 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Examine the Attitudes of Prospective Teachers towards Teaching Profession https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/154 <p><em>Education is a key factor to bring change in society. Teachers are the people who bring this change productively. An important matter is the positive attitude. The key purpose of this study is to determine the attitude of prospective teachers that studying in the B.Ed. Hons, in teacher education institutions. This study was a quantitative and survey questionnaire that based on a five-point Likert scale was used. The sample of the study consisted of 200 respondents. Data was analyzed through SPSS by using a t-test. The results determine that female prospective teachers have a more attitude than males. Moreover, public sector prospective profession as compared to private sector prospective teachers. Based on results, it may be recommended that teachers may be provided a conducive environment for learning that ensures the system of prepare the prospective teachers motivated, energetic and more inspire for teaching for completion of their responsibilities more effectively.</em></p> Dr. Sunble Bibi, Humaira Abbasi, Misbah Shafait Abbasi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/154 Wed, 15 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Kot Diji Fort and Mound of Diji, Khairpur Current Issues Regarding Administrations and Tourism Development https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/169 <p><em>This paper deals with the current tourism development issues present at Kot Diji fort and mound of Diji Khairpur, Sindh. To know what are the problem in these both sites interviews were conduct through open-ended questions. The questions asked in the interviews were gathered from reviewing different kind of literature on tourism, heritage and facilities at tourist’s sites. Eleven interviews done for survey. The interviews done via snowball sampling method. The data was collected and analysed through tabular analysis. It was said by the respondents of interviews that there are number of development issues at Kot Diji fort and mound of Kot Diji Khairpur like administrations problem, physical service, services, encroachment and self-sufficiency kind of issues. Respondents gave various suggestion for the problems present at Kot Diji fort and mound of Diji Khairpur, Sindh. The tourism authority must take action for the problem at both heritage sites.</em></p> Surhan Fatima, Sabeen Shah, Ifrah Fahim Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/169 Fri, 17 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Factor Effecting on Quality Teaching Learning at Public Sector Schools in Karachi Pakistan https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/170 <p><em>Pakistan stands in the lowest ranks in effective teaching and learning in the world. There are more than a few reasons which are responsible for this state of concern. Incompetency of facilitators is the key factor among many of them. This study, grounded on an in-depth analysis of the prevailing literature, critically investigates the problems faced by students by the irresponsible behaviour, incompetency and lack of dedication towards quality teaching and lack of resources at public schools in Karachi, the most populated and metropolitan city of Pakistan. The study exposed that the teaching profession is run by the least trained, unmotivated teachers, as they are highly affected by biases, duplicity, and merit. Inadequacy of trained teachers in schools, absence of newest technical and pedagogical abilities as well as the paucity of teaching and learning resources in schools leading in overworked teaching personnel. All these things together have a tremendous detrimental impact on the nurturing and education of children which has sharply damaged the process of teaching and learning in schools. These difficulties can be removed to a maximum level by giving a warm and trustworthy environment to teachers as well as kids. Teaching resources should be provided to public schools, constant professional development and teacher training sessions should be undertaken and promotions must be made on the credibility of the instructors on merit basis. In addition, a comprehensive study of the topic is recommended.</em></p> Madeeha Jabeen, Dr. Zahid Ali, Dr. Nazir Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/170 Fri, 17 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of Early Childhood Teachers’ Pre-service Training Regarding Social and Emotional Development among Children: An Analysis of Pre-Service Teacher Competencies https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/171 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to review ECE pre-service teachers’ training in the context of social and emotional development of children. A mixed method sequential explanatory research design was used. Two research instruments (questionnaire and semi-structured interview) were developed to have an understanding of research problem through the triangulation of data. A sample of 300 teachers was selected through purposive sampling from 8 selected districts of Pakistan (100 teachers were selected from Government Schools, 100 from Beacon House Schools, and 100 from City School System). Quantitative data were analyzed, using chi-square test of independence. A semi-structured interview was administered to 10 teachers from public and private schools (Beacon School System, City School System, and Government school). No significant difference was found in the views of public and private sector teachers regarding most of the factors of social and emotional development. Teachers indicated that pre-service teachers’ trainings were ineffective in developing skills among teachers for fostering the social and emotional development of the children. Similarly, findings from qualitative data also indicated that socio-emotional development was not given due consideration in ECE Pre-service teachers’ training programs. This research has implications for heads of teacher training institutions, early-year caregivers, and policymakers in Pakistan.</em></p> Ms. Sadaf Iqbal, Prof. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Majoka, Dr. Sadaf Naz Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/171 Mon, 20 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Part Time Jobs on University Students’ Academic Achievement https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/166 <p><em>This research investigated the effect of Part-time jobs on university student’ academic achievement. A sample of 150 students from 3 reputed public sector universities was examined for this purpose. Both students of arts and science departments were the sample of the research. A quantitative approach was used to investigate the effect of part-time job on university students’ academic achievement. The factors that were used to find out perceived effect of Part-time jobs on university students’ academic achievements were students’ GPA, working hours in a day, type of part-time job, as well as workload at job. The findings of the study showed that part-time jobs have a positive effect on students’ GPA as it was above 2.6. It was also found in a few cases, the students having part time jobs have taken more time to complete their degree than the other students. Moreover, the respondents were satisfied with their job but not satisfied with their salary, with most students supported the freedom provided by the job. Students believed their part-time job would help them find employment and they wanted to have such a job in future. These students have flexible work schedules and also worked on weekends. They believed that getting a part-time job will help them break into the workforce and increase their prospects of landing better positions in future. Therefore, having a part-time job is quite helpful for university students.</em></p> Fatima Saddique, Dr. Farhana Khurshid, Dr. Bushra Inayat Raja Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/166 Mon, 13 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Linking Head Teachers’ Ratings of Teacher Evaluation with School Performance https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/178 <p><em>The study examined how linking head teachers’ ratings of teacher evaluation with school performance. Teacher evaluation is defined as how quality practices: evaluating teachers, documentation of teachers’ performance, and sharing legal guidelines with teachers were implemented by head teachers while evaluating their teachers. School performance can be defined as accomplishment of goals by students, teachers and schools. In district Sahiwal, 124 head teachers evaluated themselves for teacher evaluation on HTEQ through selecting them conveniently. For school performance, MEAs monthly visit reports were used to collect data on following factors: school cleanliness, presence of teachers, functionality of facilities and student presence, while data on student achievement score were obtained from their schools. The study found that head teachers were used quality practices of teacher evaluation effectively and their schools’ performance were also revealed at the level of excellence. The study revealed moderate relationship between both these variables (r=.58) and 34% variance in school performance could also be explained through quality practices of teacher evaluation. The study also added the recommendations.</em></p> Dr. Muhammad Irfan Malik, Dr. Muhammad Akram, Dr. Moafia Nader Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/178 Mon, 13 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Teachers’ Perceptions about Students’ Learning Outcome (SLO) based Assessment: A Case study of Govt. Colleges of Sukkur, Sindh https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/176 <p><em>This paper investigated teachers’ challenges while implementing outcome-based assessment in government girls ‘degree colleges in Sukkur Sindh, Pakistan. This study has a qualitative research which utilized a case study research design. The sample of this study included seven teachers of govt. girl’s degree college, Sukkur. A purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. In-depth interviews were done for the collection of the data. Thematic analysis was done to analyse the data. Teachers faced various issues while implementing SLO-based assessment in their teaching such as lack of training, time management, and overcrowded classroom. In light of these findings, it is recommended to organize a series of workshops for the teachers on using SLO-based assessment in a crowded classroom.</em></p> Salma Channa, Rabia Aslam, Tabasum Raza Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/176 Tue, 14 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Energy Crisis on Performance of Export and Non-Export Oriented Textile Companies in Pakistan https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/182 <p><em>Energy plays a pivotal role in industrial and economic progression of any country. Pakistan has been observing a persistent energy shortfall during last few decades. This energy crisis negatively affected the performance of many units and sectors of the economy. The present study aimed at investigating the overall and relative effect of energy crisis on performance of export and non-export oriented non-financial companies in Pakistan. The sample of the study was comprised of 118 listed companies selected from the textile sector. In the study, annual firm level data of 2004-2015 were utilized and empirical analysis was conducted by using panel data technique. Return on assets was the dependent variable and used as a proxy of financial performance for sample companies. Other firm level and macroeconomic variables having certain impact on performance of the companies were used as explanatory and control variables. Effect of the energy crisis on performance of the companies was captured by adding a dummy variable in panel regression model. Relative effect across export and non-export oriented companies was examined with the help of interaction terms. Results of this study revealed that the performance of companies declined significantly during episodes of energy crisis in the country. The comparative analysis, however, didn’t report any significant difference for export and non-export oriented companies in terms of bearing the consequences of crisis. The study concluded that energy crisis negatively affected all the companies and sectors of the economy in Pakistan. Remedial measures should be taken to overcome the energy deficiency for stimulating the industrial and economic growth in the country.</em></p> Muhammad Ayaz, Ghulam Mujtaba Chaudhary, Muhammad Asif Masoom Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/182 Tue, 21 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Perceived Everyday Discrimination, Social Support, and Post-Traumatic Growth of Breast Cancer Survivors https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/180 <p><em>Objective: Different studies highlighted the stressful impact on breast cancer survivors while functioning in everyday life. The purpose of the current research is to explore the relationship of everyday discrimination, and post traumatic growth among breast cancer survivors from perspective of social support. The study supports exploring everyday discrimination associated with the individual’s social support, and become the cause of Post-traumatic growth among individuals suffered with breast cancer in their life. Methodology: The current study has been conducted with patients who survived Breast cancer (N=80) from Lahore, Pakistan. Different Psychological instrument has been used to access the perceived everyday discrimination aspect, social support, and post-traumatic growth among individuals who survived breast cancer. Results: The results of the research indicated that a negative association is found between social support and its subscales such as family and friends among breast cancer survivors. The social support becomes the cause of post-traumatic growth and has positive association with the current study participants. Furthermore, it has been indicated in the current study that social support is a predictor of the development of post-traumatic growth in the perspective of associated features such as; a form of possibilities, personal strength, and appreciation of life among breast cancer survivors.</em></p> Qurat ul Ain Javed, Dr Afsheen Gul Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/180 Mon, 27 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Faculty Socialization in Higher Education Institutions: The Tug-of-war between Perceptions and Realities https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/185 <p><em>Faculty socialization in higher education is seen as a key component of educational research, however, it has received little attention in Pakistan. Particularly, there is a scarcity of literature on the socialization of faculty members in their roles in institutions located in remote and rural contexts. This study aimed at exploring teachers’ socialization into the profession in higher education institutions located in semi-urban and rural settings in Pakistan. A qualitative approach was employed to conduct the study. Findings show that during the initial entry into the profession, higher education faculty members find a gap between the perceptions and realities about their roles in higher education institutions. During the initial phase, their practices remain isolated and they continue their work on a trial-and-error basis. In addition, faculty members working in remote and rural settings experience lesser opportunities for professional learning and interaction. Findings have pertinent implications for research at the higher education level.</em></p> Haji Karim Khan, Sajjad Hussain Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/185 Mon, 27 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Blended Learning Approach in Secondary Schools of District Swabi: A Quantitative Study https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/179 <p><em>Blended Learning is a new approach in which traditional approaches are integrated with a modern technological approach. It demonstrates the problem of the whole school. It is bound to provide excellence in learning to learners entirely in an efficient manner. The purpose of the investigation was to analyze BL in the schools of District Swabi. A quantitative approach was employed to assemble data from the contributors. All school instructors and heads of the schools in District Swabi constituted the population of this research endeavor. For choosing a sample for the investigation a Simple random sampling technique was utilized. The sample size of this investigation was 200 SSTs secondary school instructors and 100 Heads of schools (headmasters and principals). This investigation used a research instrument (questionnaire) for instructors and heads of chosen schools to gather data from the sample. The data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Constructed on the analyses' findings, it was noted that, BL arranges for an opening for the satisfaction and employment of full human efforts short of any discernment for BL permits consideration of specific peculiarities. It is recommended that the Education Department of District Swabi may familiarize BL at the district and tehsil level and arrange for the provision of necessary facilities. Further, they need to plan for all instructors and heads to deliver cognizance around BL.</em></p> Sawaira Idris, Syeda Laila Saeed, Dr. Muhammad Idris Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/179 Tue, 28 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Limitation Laws across Legal Systems: Origins, Rationales, and Contemporary Debates https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/188 <p><em>Limitation laws have a long history in legal systems and serve several important purposes. One of the primary rationales behind limitation laws is to promote finality and certainty in legal disputes, as well as to encourage timely resolution of claims, protect defendants from stale claims, and prevent the burden of litigation from lingering indefinitely. The scope and duration of limitation periods vary between legal systems and jurisdictions, with factors such as the type of claim, the parties involved, and public policy considerations influencing their definition. While limitation laws are intended to promote fair and efficient dispute resolution, they can also create barriers to justice, particularly for marginalized or disadvantaged groups. Failing to comply with limitation periods can have significant legal and practical consequences, including the loss of a party's right to pursue a claim. Limitation laws also interact with other legal doctrines, such as laches, equitable estoppel, and waiver, and can intersect with areas of law such as criminal, tax, and bankruptcy law. Currently, there are ongoing debates and proposals for reforming limitation laws in various legal systems, with arguments for and against changes such as extending or reducing limitation periods, introducing or eliminating discoverability rules, and considering the impact on access to justice for marginalized groups.</em></p> Abdus Samad Khan, Dr. Shaista Naznin, Sobia Bashir Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/188 Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Academic Optimism and Teachers’ Commitment: An Associational Study of Pakistani Teachers https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/187 <p><em>This article looked into relation between academic optimism and teachers’ commitment. This article also to determine, how academic optimism influenced teachers’ commitment. Correlational study design was adopted in this article. The population comprised of 61762 secondary school teachers (SSTs) of Punjab province. Using a multi-stage random sampling technique, 516 secondary school teachers from Punjab were chosen for the academic year 2021-2022. Two questionnaires were used to collect data. Both questionnaires were adapted. The first questionnaire contained 11 items related to academic optimism. The second questionnaire included 18 items related to teachers’ commitment. Pearson r, t-test, and linear regression were used. The data showed positive and significant relationship between academic optimism and teachers’ commitment. According to the findings of the data, academic optimism is positively associated with teachers’ commitment. Furthermore, academic optimism influences teachers’ commitment. Moreover, all subscales of academic optimism and teachers’ commitment have gender-wise significant differences. So, it is recommended that teachers should have sense of academic optimism in developing their commitment with teaching profession.</em></p> Muhammad Siddique, Dr. Ahsaan Siddique, Dr. Erum Aslam Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/187 Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of Workplace Design on the Productivity of Employees in Architectural Firms https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/175 <p><em>The effectiveness of employees in architectural firms is significantly influenced by office design; nevertheless, this study is only applicable to architectural enterprises in Qasimabad, Hyderabad. These companies are well-known in Hyderabad and are regarded as the best for working conditions and experience-building. To recruit staff, other businesses mostly idealize these businesses. Employee efficiency, job satisfaction, and productivity are all significantly impacted by the workplace. It has been noted that poorly planned office spaces that don't consider how the space is divided within a building can cause significant physical and mental distress in workers. The objective of the study consists of determining the factors which leads to a poorly designed office, the determination of the factors into two categories of physical and mental factors and the recommendations or solutions which suit the environment of offices in Hyderabad. After that, a questionnaire study was carried out to further investigate how office layout affected employees' productivity at architecture businesses. The questionnaire was created in a way that it covered all the important aspects that have an impact on the employees' physical and mental health. Structured observations were used to gather the data, along with physical surveys of the chosen companies. After the obtained data were processed using SPSS software and Microsoft Excel, the levels of satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the workplace design were quantified using a 5-point Likert scale and Yeh's satisfaction index model. The study recommends key design elements that must be considered when creating an office layout so that employees may work in an atmosphere that increases employee enthusiasm and productivity, a layout that prevents the physical and emotional harm that an unergonomically planned setting causes.</em></p> Ifrah Fahim, Saima Kalwar, Surhan Fatima Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://jerssr.org.pk/licensing-copyright/ https://ojs.jerssr.org.pk/index.php/jerssr/article/view/175 Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000